Machupicchu + Cusco
An Itinerary for Your Adventure in Machupicchu & Cusco
June 3 – June 7, 2017
Tucked away in the rocky countryside northwest of Cusco, Peru, Machu Picchu is believed to have been a royal estate or sacred religious site for Inca leaders, whose civilization was virtually wiped out by Spanish invaders in the 16th century. For hundreds of years, until the American archaeologist Hiram Bingham stumbled upon it in 1911, the abandoned citadel’s existence was a secret known only to peasants living in the region. The site stretches over an impressive 5-mile distance, featuring more than 3,000 stone steps that link its many different levels. Today, hundreds of thousands of people tramp through Machu Picchu every year, braving crowds and landslides to see the sun set over its towering stone monuments and marvel at the mysterious splendor of one of the world’s most famous manmade wonders.
Upon you arrival in Cusco airport (3,300 masl) you will be met by our local representative and then transferred to your hotel.
Main Square + Cathedral
The Cathedral (Iglesia la Catedral) Located on the north-by-east side of the Plaza de Armas , is set on the main square of Cusco City. The Cathedral was originally constructed in the XV Century, but it was built anew after the devastating earthquake which destroyed most of the city and was completed in 1654 almost a hundred years after construction began.
Near by and joined, to the cathedral is the smaller ‘Iglesia del Triunfo’. The ground lay out shows a classic Latin Cross shape. The foundation however (like most other prominent spanish buildings in Cusco) is of Inca stone origin.
The cathedral has UNESCO World Heritage status under the City of Cusco listing in 1983. Preceding the construction of the Cathedral was ‘Kiswarkanchar.’ The Cathedral was erected atop the remains of what it used to be once the Inca palace of Viracocha (the king of Cusco around a century before the Spanish discovered Cusco) who was named after Viracocha, the creator figure in Inca Mythology.
The Inca Temple of the Sun Koricancha. The literal interpretation of the Indigenous Quechua name of this site would correspond to “Enclosure of Gold”, or “Golden Enclosure”. The meaning refers to its legendary gold sheet plated walls. Originally named Inti Kancha (‘ Temple of the Sun’) was the most important temple in the Inca Empire, dedicated primarily to Inti, the Sun God. Koricancha was used for religious worship in the entire Inca Empire.
The Church of Santo Domingo like most if not all the churches in Cusco City, was erected on top of it, with the remarkable circular wall, particulary outstanding. In ancient inca times Koricancha was one of the most revered and respected temples of the city of Cusco, Peru.
The walls and floors were once covered in sheets of solid gold, and the courtyard was filled with golden statues. Spanish reports tell of its opulence that was ‘fabulous beyond belief’. The majority of the gold collected to fill the ransom room for the Inca Atahualpa was collected from the temple of the sun koricancha. Nearby is an underground archaeological site museum containing a number of interesting pieces, including mummies, textiles and sacred idols.
The Inca Fortress Sacsayhuaman. Sacsayhuaman also known as Saksaq Waman, Sacsahuaman. This Inca Fortress is a walled complex near the old city of Cusco, at an altitude of 3,701 metres (12,142 ft). The site is located in the heart of the Cuzco City, which was added to the UNESCO World Heritage List in 1983. It was built by the prehistoric inca people of the Killke culture around 1100 AD. The Killke culture occupied the region around Cusco from 900 to 1200 A.D., prior to the arrival of the Incas in the 1200s.
Killke culture flourished in highland Peru in the Late Intermediate Period around what is now Cusco. The massive fortress Sacsayhuamán, later used by the Incas, was originally built by people of this culture in the twelfth century. In 2007, excavations uncovered a temple on the edge of the fortress, indicating religious as well as military use of the facility. The Quechua name Sacsayhuaman literally can be interpreted as “Satiated Falcon”, “Mottled Colored Falcon Head”.
Some scholars believe the walls were a form of fortification. Others believe the complex was built specifically to represent the head of a puma, the effigy shape which Sacsayhuamán together with Cusco forms when seen from above. There is much unknown about how the walls were constructed.
The amphitheater ruins of Q’enqo. Qenko, which means zigzag, is a small shrine 1 km past Sacsayhuaman. It is a large limestone rock outcrop with The symbolic carvings and steps which lead to nowhere. Zigzagging channels, that Qenko is named for, are carved into the rock and were used for draining llama blood in ceremonial rituals. Etchings of puma, llama, and condors can be seen at the top of the rock.
Below are a series of caves and tunnels with altars cut into the stone. This is likely where mummies of lesser nobility were once kept. Clearly a religious site (as are most in the surrounding area), it consists of a large outcropping of eroded limestone, upon the outer surface of which there are innumerable ridges, shaped into animal figures, niches, water channels, etc.
One of the most conspicuous of these is a long meandering, zig-zagging channel for the discourse of liquids, yet also suggestive of a snake. The limestone outcropping also possesses a series of interconnecting corridors and passageways -natural in origin, in its interior lower part. Surrounding the site is a semi-circular low wall of granite stones with niches known as “amphitheater”. About 3 kilometers further on, we come upon the next site of interest: Although Qenko is a smaller site, its proximity to Sacsayhuaman makes it a convenient place to stop.
Pucapucara Red Fortress. Pucapucara the “Red Fortress” (in Quechua, Puca = Red; Pucara = Fortress), which may not have been a fortress at all, More probably an overnight lodging-barracks-quarters before arriving to Cusco, it consists of a red andesite structure with numerous enclosures, rooms, stairways and water channels.
Tambomachay “The Bath of the Inca”. Tambomachay or Tampumachay (from Quechua: tanpu mach’ay, resting place) A shrine dedicated to the worship and cult of water, an alternate local name is the El Baño del Inca, “The Bath of the Inca”.
“The Bath of the Inca” Tambomachay consists of a series of aqueducts, canals and waterfalls that run through the terraced rocks. The function of the site is not well understood, it may have served as a military outpost guarding the approaches to Cusco, as a spa resort for the Incan political elite, or perhaphs both. Afterwards will be heading back to your Cusco hotel.
Transfer from your hotel
A local representative will be waiting at the front lobby of your hotel to take you to Poroy train station for your 4 hour ride to Aguas Calientes (Machu Picchu).
Transfer to your hotel
Our local transfer will be waiting to help you transfer to our hotel in Aguas Calientes.
Free time to explore the town of Aguas Calientes and visit its Hot Springs thermal waters. Soak your weary Inca Trail-beaten muscles in one of the hot springs for which the town was originally named (after taking a thorough shower, of course). The baths can be found by walking up the hill in town.
This is 30 minute drive from Aguas Calientes to the Machu Picchu citadel.
Excellent opportunity to wake up early and enjoy a beautiful sunrise in Machupicchu, you’ll take a 30 minute bus drive, climbing 6km of winding road to the incredible Machu Picchu. Upon arrival, we’ll participate in a guided tour of the Citadel, visiting the Main Plaza, the Circular Tower, the Sacred Sun Dial, the Royal Quarters, the Temple of the Three Windows and various burial grounds. After the tour you will have time to stroll around the archeological site at your leisure.
For the most adventurous people, if it’s not raining we suggest going up Huayna Picchu, this ticket you need to book in advance (not included in the overall tour price) from where you can appreciate the immensity of MachuPicchu, even more amazing being high and distant. An exciting adventure for the travelers who want to see, from the top, the nature and the carved stone emerging from the ground as a geological miracle.
Return train from Aguas Calientes in the afternoon, arrival in Cusco and transfer to your hotel.
Transfer back to the airport
At this designated time, you will be picked up by our representative from your hotel in Cusco and then transferred to the airport.
Cusco City, Peru
Belmond Hotel Monasterio
Plazoleta Nazarenas 337, Cusco 08000, Peru
+51 84 604000
When it opened in 1995, the Monasterio was the first deluxe hotel in Cusco to occupy a landmark building.
This 5-star-superior hotel overlooks the main square in Cusco. It features spa facilities, a heated rooftop pool, free Wi-Fi internet and on-site parking.The 5-star Belmont is a historic church museum, offering spacious, modern rooms with floor-to-ceiling windows. All include a flat-screen TV. Most have a balcony or terrace.
Machu Picchu, Peru
Avenida Hermanos Ayar, Machu Picchu, Peru
+51 1 4470579
Sumaq Machu Picchu is the only 5 star hotel in Aguas Calientes, at the base of Machu Picchu.
Rooms are individually decorated with a mix of modern and antique furnishings. Distinct features include seating areas with sofas, canopy/4-poster beds, old-town views and wooden ceilings. All come with free Wi-Fi and room service.
The total cost of your selected itinerary is:
$2,200 total, including taxes & fees
Are you signing off on your itinerary?
♦♦♦ All inclusive
♦♦♦ Not included domestic flights